How can job design reduce the effects of working in a standing position? The basic principles of good job design for standing work are: Change working positions frequently so that working in one position is of a reasonably short duration.
Avoid extreme bending, stretching and twisting. Pace work appropriately. Allow workers suitable rest periods to relax; exercises may also help.
Provide instruction on proper work practices and the use of rest breaks. Allow workers an adjustment period when they return to interest options after an work in a dealing center for vacation or illness so they can gradually return to a regular work pace.
How can work practices reduce the effects of working in a standing position? A well-designed workplace combined with a well-designed job makes it possible to work in a balanced position without unnecessary strain on the body. Although the actual performance of the task depends on the worker including how the worker stands, moves or liftswork practices can make the job either safer or more hazardous.
Proper education and training helps the individual work safely.
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It is important that the worker be informed of health hazards in the workplace. In fact it is a legal requirement. The worker needs to understand which body movements and positions contribute to discomfort and that the conditions causing mild discomfort can lead to chronic injury in the long term. Worker education and training should also contain information on how to adjust specific workplace layouts to the individual's needs.
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The worker should be aware that rest periods are important elements of the work. Rest periods should be used to relax when muscles are tired, to move around when muscles are stiff, to walk when work restricts the worker's ability to change postures or positions, and so on. The worker should also be encouraged to report discomforts experienced during work.
It may result in correcting working conditions.
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All these elements — education, training, and supervision, coupled with active worker input — can result in sound work practices. It must be remembered that a well-designed job and workplace are essential to healthy and safe work. Without these, good work practices cannot be effective.
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What is an example of a workstation designed for a standing worker? Workplace design should fit the variety of workers' shapes and sizes and provide support for the completion of different tasks.
Different tasks require different work surface heights: Precision work, such as writing or electronic assembly — about 5 cm above elbow height; elbow support is needed. Light work, such as assembly-line or mechanical jobs — about cm below elbow height. Heavy work, demanding downward forces — from cm below elbow height. What can workers do to reduce the discomfort of working in a standing position?
Adjust the height of the work according to body dimensions, using elbow height as a guide. Organize your work so that the usual operations are done within easy reach. Always face the object of work. Keep body close to the work. Adjust the work in a dealing center to get enough space to change working position. Use a foot rail or portable footrest to shift body weight from both to one or the other leg.
Office jobs involve a great variety of physical and mental activities. Often, the core activities of any office job take place at the desk or at the workstation. OSH Answers has more information on office ergonomics.
Use a seat whenever possible while working, or at least when the work process allows for rest. What should workers avoid while working in a standing position? Avoid reaching behind the shoulder line. Shifting feet to face the object is the recommended way. Avoid overreaching beyond the point of comfort.
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Avoid reaching above shoulder line. What are some do's and don'ts regarding footwear?
Your feet can only be as comfortable as the footwear permits. DO wear shoes that do not change the shape of your foot. DO choose shoes that provide a firm grip for the heel.
If the back of the shoe is too wide or too soft, the shoe will slip, causing instability and soreness. DO wear shoes that allow freedom to move your toes. Pain and fatigue result if shoes are too narrow or too shallow.
DO ensure that shoes have arch supports. Lack of arch support causes flattening of the foot. DO wear shoes with lace-up fastenings. DO tighten the lace instep of your footwear firmly.
The foot is prevented from work in a dealing center inside the footwear. DO use padding under the tongue if you suffer from tenderness over the bones at the top of the foot. DO use a shock-absorbing cushioned insole when working on metal or cement floors.
DO choose footwear according to the hazard at your workplace. DO select safety footwear, if required, that is CSA approved and carries the proper ratings for the hazard. DO select footwear taking into account individual fit and comfort.
Try them on and walk around for a few moments before buying. DO NOT wear flat shoes. A small heel can decrease strain on the Achilles tendon and allow for more comfortable walking and standing.
- 8. Meeting the accommodation needs of employees on the job | Ontario Human Rights Commission
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DO NOT wear shoes with high heels. Recommendations vary but, in general, heels should have a broad base and be less than 4 cm to 6 cm height 1.
When standing often, other recommendations are that the heel should be no more than 2 to 2. What is recommended regarding floors in a workplace?
Keep work areas clean.
Space Requirements for Office Work
Avoid standing on concrete or metal floors. Recommended for standing work are wooden, cork or rubber covered floors. Ensure that the floors are level and non-slippery. Cover concrete or metal floors with mats. Slanted edges on mats help prevent tripping.
This section will discuss the principle of accommodation, duties and responsibilities in the accommodation process, and limits to the duty to accommodate. Then, specifics will be outlined relating to the discrimination grounds set out above. Accommodation is a fundamental and integral part of the right to equal treatment.
Do not use thick foam-rubber mats. Too much cushioning can cause fatigue and increase work in a dealing center hazard of tripping.